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General Description

The Newfoundland dog is a large working dog. They can be either black, brown, or white-and-black. However, in the Dominion of Newfoundland, before it became part of the confederation of Canada, only black and Landseer coloured dogs were considered to be proper members of the breed.

General Health

The Newfoundland is prone to serious health conditions such as gastric torsion, Sub-Aortic Stenosis, cystinuria, canine hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and elbow dysplasia, and minor issues like von Willebrand's Disease, cataract, Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD), entropion, ectropion, cruciate ligament rupture. To identify some of these issues, a veterinarian may recommend cardiac, eye, hip, and elbow tests for this breed of dog. Additionally, some Newfoundlands are extremely sensitive to anaesthesia, and most do not tolerate heat well.

Character and Temperament

Sweet-Tempered, Gentle, Trainable


No special requirements


The adult Newfoundland does not require a great deal of exercise but can easily become a couch potato. They should be allowed daily walks, a run in the garden or especially a swim to keep fit


Brush and comb your Newfoundland's coat at least weekly to control shedding and to keep his coat and skin healthy. Newfoundlands shed their undercoats heavily in the spring and fall in a process that is called "blowing" the coat. Brush your dog's coat using a large wire-pin brush or a firm bristle brush.


The Newfoundland breed originated on Newfoundland and is descended from a breed indigenous to the island known as the lesser Newfoundland, or St. John's dog.


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